trident n : a spear with three prongs
EtymologyFrom Latin, "three tooth".
- A three-pronged spear somewhat resembling a pitchfork.
- Poseidon's trident
A trident (), also called a leister or gig, is a three-pronged spear. It is used for spear fishing and was formerly also a military weapon. Tridents feature widely in mythical, historical and modern culture.
FishingTridents for fishing usually have barbed tines which trap the speared fish firmly. In the southern USA, gigging is used for catching bullfrogs, flounder, and sometimes carp.
As a weapon, the trident was prized for its long reach and ability to trap other long-weapons between prongs to disarm their wielder. Tridents were also famously used by the retiarii, Roman gladiators who used a net to wrap their adversary and a trident to kill him.
Symbolic useParallel to its fishing origins, the trident is associated with Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek mythology, the Roman god Neptune, and Shiva, a Hindu god. In Greek myth, Poseidon used his trident to create water sources in Greece and the horse (by striking a camel). Poseidon, as well as being god of the sea, was also known as the "Earth Shaker" when he struck the earth in anger he caused mighty earthquakes and he used his trident to stir up tidal waves, tsunamis and sea storms. In Roman myth, Neptune also used a trident to create new bodies of water and cause earthquakes. A good example can be seen in Gian Bernini's Neptune and Triton.
A trident has also references as:
- Cadbury Schweppes Trident, a brand of chewing gum. Named after the three plaque-softening enzymes included in the original formula.
- The Coat of arms of Ukraine (Tryzub) - the symbol of ancient Slavic tribes that once lived in Ukraine.
- The National emblem of the Flag of Barbados
- The US Navy Special Warfare insignia, worn by members of the US Navy SEALs, contains a trident representing the three aspects (Sea, Air, and Land) of SEAL special operations.
- The golden colored crest of the United States Naval Academy depicts a trident running vertically in its background.
- The symbol of the Swedish Coastal Rangers, Kustjägarna
- Adopted by the Russian anti-Soviet revolutionary organization NTS as the "forks of the people's anger".
- The trident or Trishula is the missile weapon of the Hindu god Shiva, and it often includes a crossed stabiliser to facilitate its flight when thrown.
- The BSD Daemon carries a trident to symbolize the forking of processes in an operating system.
- The all inclusive resort company Club Med uses a trident in its company logo.
- The Italian automobile manufacturer Maserati uses a trident in its company logo.
- Trident is the name of the US Navy's Fleet Ballistic Missile program, consisting of Ohio class submarines and Trident II D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missiles. It is so named because of its role in the three-pronged SIOP nuclear war plan, based around sea-launched SLBMs first, followed by land-launched ICBMs, and lastly free-fall nuclear bombs delivered by air from strategic bombers.
- Trident also refers to the Royal Navy's nuclear Ballistic Missile system, consisting of Vanguard class submarines and Trident II D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missiles. The name was chosen for the same reason as the US Trident.
- Hawker Siddeley Trident was a British jet airliner produced by Hawker Siddley at Hatfield in the 1960s, named after the tri-jet engine configuration.
- The Trident was a popular restaurant in the Marin county harbor town of Sausalito, California during the 1960s and 70s. It was owned by the popular folk group The Kingston Trio and operated by their manager Frank Werber. Many famous patrons frequently visited including Janis Joplin, Bill Cosby and David Crosby. The Rolling Stones held a private party at the eatery in 1974.
- As a throwback symbol during the baseball team Seattle Mariners' 1977 season
- In Drowned Wednesday, part of the Keys to the Kingdom Series by Garth Nix, Wednesday's Key is a trident.
- In the "Percy Jackson & The Olympians" series of novels by Rick Riordan, as in Greek mythology, the trident is the symbol of the Olympian Poseidon. It appears over a demigod's head when Poseidon claims the individual as his own.
- In the Masters of the Universe toy line and cartoon series, Spikor, an evil henchman of Skeletor, has an extendable trident in place of his left hand. The three points fire lasers.
- In Reboot, AI AndrAIa uses a trident
- In one of the Bill Brasky sketches on Saturday Night Live, Bill Brasky is said to have killed Wolfman Jack with a trident.
- Triceraranger/Blue Ranger from Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger/Mighty Morphin Power Rangers is armed with a pair of tridents with circular ends that can join together.
- In the cartoon series "Ulysses 31" the Tridents were spacecraft used by the Gods of Olympus to attack Ulysses' ship, The Odyssey.
- It was King Triton's weapon of choice in Disney's The Little Mermaid (1989) and the weapon of choice of Diana from the PAX network's made for TV movie, Mermaids (2003).
- In the movie Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, Brick Tamland uses a trident to kill a rival, later uttering the famous phrase, "There were horses, and a man on fire, and I killed a guy with a trident."
- In the Da Vinci Code they talk about the symbolic use of trident
- In Golden Sun: The Lost Age, Felix and party collects the three pieces of the Trident of Ankhol, which is the only item able to break through Poseidon's impenetrable shield.
- In Age of Mythology, the objective for the second mission involves getting a Poseidon statue's trident back to Atlantis.
- In Vagrant Story, it is described as "a forked pole are with three tines."
- In The Legend of Zelda franchise, the antagonist Ganon sometimes uses a trident called the Trident of Power. This is seen in The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and later in The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures.
- In Final Fantasy Tactics Advance, the trident is one of the more powerful spear weapons.
- Hydron, from Red Earth, carries a huge trident as a weapon.
- Jiang Wei, from Dynasty Warriors, uses a trident called "Blink".
- In March of 1979, Stern Electronics released "Trident" a nautical themed game based on the mythological take on the three pointed spear. A "seagod" like character is depicted in the artwork fighting an octopus like monster of the deep. Stern produced 4019 of these machines.
- Mukuro Rokudo and Chrome Dokuro of the anime and manga Katekyo Hitman REBORN! use a trident as their weapon. The mosquitoes of Doctor Shamal also pierce their targets with a trident.
- In the anime and manga series Bleach, the character Kaien Shiba wields a zanpakuto dubbed Nejibana that turns into a trident when in its initial release form.
- In Mobile Suit Gundam Wing, the XXXG-01S2 "Altron" piloted by Chang Wufei uses a beam trident.
- In Inuyasha Naraku forges a trident from his own bones and gives it to Abi-Hime to assist him with.
- In Ronin Warriors Cye of the Torrent uses a trident capable of firing a high-powered beam of water.
trident in Asturian: Traenta
trident in Bulgarian: Тризъбец
trident in German: Dreizack
trident in Spanish: Tridente
trident in Esperanto: Tridento
trident in French: Trident
trident in Korean: 삼지창
trident in Upper Sorbian: Mórska bažička
trident in Italian: Tridente
trident in Lithuanian: Kovos trišakis
trident in Dutch: Drietand (voorwerp)
trident in Japanese: トリアイナ
trident in Polish: Trójząb
trident in Portuguese: Tridente
trident in Russian: Трезубец
trident in Slovenian: Trizob
trident in Serbian: Трозубац
trident in Finnish: Atrain
trident in Swedish: Treudd (vapen)
trident in Ukrainian: Тризуб
trident in Chinese: 三叉戟
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